The roles of intermediaries in open data is insufficientlyÂ explored; open data intermediaries are often presented asÂ single and simple linkages between open data supplyÂ and use. This synthesis research paper offers a moreÂ socially nuanced approach to open data intermediariesÂ using the theoretical framework of Bourdieuâs socialÂ model, in particular, his concept of species of capital asÂ informing social interaction. The study is based on theÂ analysis of a sample of cases from the Emerging ImpactsÂ of Open Data in Developing Countries Project (ODDC)Â project. Data on intermediaries were extracted from theÂ ODDC reports according to a working definition of anÂ open data intermediary presented in this paper, and withÂ a focus on how intermediaries link actors in an open dataÂ supply chain.
The study found that open data supplyÂ chains may comprise multiple intermediaries and thatÂ multiple forms of capital may be required to connect the
supply and use of open data. Because no singleÂ intermediary necessarily has all the capital available to linkÂ effectively to all sources of power in a field, multiple
intermediaries with complementary configurations ofÂ capital are more likely to connect between powerÂ nexuses. This study concludes that consideration needs toÂ be given to the presence of multiple intermediaries in anÂ open data ecosystem, each of whom may possessÂ different forms of capital to enable the use and unlock theÂ potential impact of open data.